Difference between revisions of "A. tumefaciens"

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Classification
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Agrobacterium tumefaciens is a pathogenic gram negative bacterium that is usually found in the soil. It is known to be a unique bacterium in which it can transfer genes. A. tumefaciens’s form of movement is lead by the flagellum. The flagellum causes a series of movements like tumbling, running counterclockwise  up the gradient and is  known to run as a fast as 60 um/s.
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Genome Structure
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  The genome structure of Agrobacterium tumefaciens has a very unique genome in which it contains  both linear and circular chromosomal structures. This serves for great research advances with its ability to transfer genes into plant hosts and infect acting as a pathogenic agent.
  
 
==Ecology and Pathogenesis==
 
==Ecology and Pathogenesis==
Habitat; symbiosis; biogeochemical significance; contributions to environment.<br>
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A.tumefaciens has the capability to act as a pathogenic agent causing disease. A disease  caused by Agrobacterium tumefaciens is Crown gall disease. It is known to be saprophytic surviving on decaying organic matter. The pathogenesis of Agrobacterium tumefaciens is characterized to be unique in that A. tumefaciens has the ability to conduct gene transfer. The two steps involved in pathogenesis by A. tumefaciens is 1.delivery of tumorigenic DNA into the plant genome known as transformation, and 2. the resultant alteration of plant cell metabolism. This results in cell poliferation and the synthesis of compounds that  are nutritious. During pathogenesis, A. tumefaciens portrays polar attachment to the plant cell. Agrobacterium tumefaciens  produces cellulose fibris which serves like an anchor that holds down that bacteria to the plant and traps other bacteria. Multiple levels of disease have been found in the plum, peach, grape, and the aspen rose.  
If relevant, how does this organism cause disease? Human, animal, plant hosts? Virulence factors, as well as patient symptoms.<br><br>
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==References==
 
==References==
[Sample reference] [http://ijs.sgmjournals.org/cgi/reprint/50/2/489 Takai, K., Sugai, A., Itoh, T., and Horikoshi, K. "''Palaeococcus ferrophilus'' gen. nov., sp. nov., a barophilic, hyperthermophilic archaeon from a deep-sea hydrothermal vent chimney". ''International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology''. 2000. Volume 50. p. 489-500.]
 
  
 
==Author==
 
==Author==

Revision as of 15:05, 19 April 2011

This student page has not been curated.

Classification Agrobacterium tumefaciens is a pathogenic gram negative bacterium that is usually found in the soil. It is known to be a unique bacterium in which it can transfer genes. A. tumefaciens’s form of movement is lead by the flagellum. The flagellum causes a series of movements like tumbling, running counterclockwise up the gradient and is known to run as a fast as 60 um/s.


Genome Structure

 	The genome structure of Agrobacterium tumefaciens has a very unique genome in which it contains  both linear and circular chromosomal structures. This serves for great research advances with its ability to transfer genes into plant hosts and infect acting as a pathogenic agent. 

Ecology and Pathogenesis

A.tumefaciens has the capability to act as a pathogenic agent causing disease. A disease caused by Agrobacterium tumefaciens is Crown gall disease. It is known to be saprophytic surviving on decaying organic matter. The pathogenesis of Agrobacterium tumefaciens is characterized to be unique in that A. tumefaciens has the ability to conduct gene transfer. The two steps involved in pathogenesis by A. tumefaciens is 1.delivery of tumorigenic DNA into the plant genome known as transformation, and 2. the resultant alteration of plant cell metabolism. This results in cell poliferation and the synthesis of compounds that are nutritious. During pathogenesis, A. tumefaciens portrays polar attachment to the plant cell. Agrobacterium tumefaciens produces cellulose fibris which serves like an anchor that holds down that bacteria to the plant and traps other bacteria. Multiple levels of disease have been found in the plum, peach, grape, and the aspen rose.

References

Author

Page authored by Shenelle Moolenaar, student of Prof. Doreen Cunningham at Saint Augustine's College.