Acetobacter aceti

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A Microbial Biorealm page on the genus Acetobacter aceti


Higher order taxa

Bacteria; Proteobacteria; AlphaProteobacteria; Rhodospirillales; Acetobacteraceae


Acetobacter aceti; Acetobacter calcoaceticus; Acetobacter cerevisiae; Acetobacter cibinongensis; Acetobacter diazotrophicus; Acetobacter estunensis; Acetobacter indonesiensis; Acetobacter lovaniensis; Acetobacter malorum; Acetobacter orientalis; Acetobacter orleanensis; Acetobacter pasteurianus; Acetobacter peroxydans; Acetobacter polyoxogenes; Acetobacter pomorum; Acetobacter subgen. Acetobacter aceti; Acetobacter syzygii; and Acetobacter tropicali.

Description and significance

Acetobacter aceti is a non-pathogenic, gram negative prokaryote that converts ethanol to acetic acid with the presence of oxygen, making it an obligate aerobe.1,2,4 This microbe is commonly known to the public as producing vinegar, wines, and beers. Acetobacter aceti is an aerobe and is also motile via peritrichous flagella. Acetobacter aceti is ubiquitous in nature and is everywhere there is fermentation occurring, growing optimally in a seven percent ethanol solution at thirty degrees Celcius. Acetobacter aceti is also known for its high tolerance of acidic conditions.4

Genome structure

Cell and colony structure

Interesting features of cell structure. Interesting features of colony structure.


Energy source(s); external electron donor(s) (=reductant source(s)); carbon source(s); oxygen classification; important molecules it produces.


Habitat; symbiosis; contributions to the environment. metagenomic data link


How does this organism cause disease? Human, animal, plant hosts? Virulence factors.


List your references here with hyperlinks to the papers or websites when possible. Also, provide the DOI number for articles. For example:

Sylvie Cousin, Marie-Laure Gulat-Okalla, Laurence Motreff, Catherine Gouyette, Christiane Bouchier, Dominique Clermont, and Chantal Bizet. Lactobacillus gigeriorum sp. nov., isolated from chicken crop. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol February 2012 62:330-334; published ahead of print March 18, 2011.} [doi:10.1099/ijs.0.028217-0.

Edited by PUT YOUR NAME HERE of Dr. Lisa R. Moore, University of Southern Maine, Department of Biological Sciences,