Azospirillum lipoferum, is a gram negative a-proteobacteria extensively studied due to its properties to influence plant growth, due to this symbiotic characteristic this bacteria is qualified as a Growth-Promoting Rhizobacteria (PGPR). The organism was first described by Martinus Beijerinck who named it Spirillum lipoferum , in 1925. Later, the classification was revised by Tarrand et al. who renamed it Azospirillum lipoferum which means "small, fat bearing, spiral".
Transmission electron micrograph of Azospirillum lipoferum 4B grown in liquid culture. (F, polar flagellum; bar, 1 µm).Source: Alexandre et al. 1999, Applied Environmental Microbiology, 65, 7401.
Species: Azospirillum lipoferum
Colonization of rice root by A. lipoferum 4B labelled with EGFP, analyzed by confocal laser scanning microscopy. Source: UMR-CNRS 5557 Centre d’Ecologie Microbienne.
Azospirillum lipoferum colonizes root plants forming a symbiotic Relationship where the plant benefits through N2 fixation, phytohormones, and hormone balance.
The association with A. lipoferum promotes the elongation of plant roots.
Constant genome rearrangements promotes population diversity leading as a escape mechanism to bypass host defenses.
Proportion of Ancestral (red) and horizontally transferred (blue) genes in A. lipoferum.