Difference between revisions of "Flavivirus"

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<br> Subfamily:  
 
<br> Subfamily:  
 
<br> Genus: Flavivirus
 
<br> Genus: Flavivirus
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===Description and Significance===
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Infection with Flavivirus may lead to Dengue(DF), or Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever (DHF). Both of these are serious disease processes that have lead to major epidemics throughout history. The first reported epidemics of Dengue occurred between 1779 and 1780 over continents as far apart as North America, Africa, and Asia [1]. Although, historically, outbreaks of dengue have been widespread, the disease process has not always been considered fatal in healthy adults [1]. Infection of Flavivirus can be deadly, however, when it leads to hemorrhagic fever or dengue shock syndrome [2].
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Dengue fever continues to be a problem in some part of the world, yet no  vaccines have been developed and tested on humans [1]. In addition, 50 to 100 million individuals are infected with dengue every year [3]. For this reason, it is important to continue researching this virus.
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===Genome Structure===
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Flavivirus capsids contain a single-stranded, positive-sense RNA molecule of approximately 10,700 base pairs. This genome is then surrounded by a nucleocapsid [4]. This genome consists of one open reading-frame that encodes a precursor polyprotein [4]. This polyprotein is altered both during and after translation to produce 10 proteins [5]. 
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===Virion Structure of a Flavivirus===
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===Reproductive Cycle of a Flavivirus in a Host Cell===
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===Viral Ecology and Pathology===
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===References===
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1. Dengue Fever Fact Sheet-CDC Division of Vector-Born Infectious Diseases (DVBID). http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/dvbid/dengue/#history
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Accessed on 9.16.2008
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2. W. Wang, T. Sung,Y.Tsai, C. Kao,S. Chang,and C.C. King. Detection of Dengue Virus Replication in Peripheral Blood Mononuclear Cells from Dengue Virus Type 2-Infected Patients by a Reverse Transcription-Real-Time PCR Assay. Journal of Clinical Microbiology. December 2002, p. 4472-4478, Vol. 40
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3. MedlinePlus: Dengue. http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/dengue.html
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Accessed on 9.16.2008
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4. K.C. Leitmeyer, D. W. Vaughn, D.M. Watts, C. Ramos, and R.R. Hesse. Dengue Virus Structural Differences That Correlate with Pathogenesis. Journal of Virology, June 1999, Vol. 73, 4738-4747
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5.  L. Markoff, X. Pang, H. Houng, B. Falgout, R. Olsen, E. Jones, and S. Polo. Derivation and Characterization of a Dengue Type 1 Host Range-Restricted Mutant Virus That Is Attenuated and Highly Immunogenic in Monkeys. Journal of Virology. Vol. 76. 3318-3328
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6.

Revision as of 02:42, 17 September 2008

Baltimore Classification

Group IV. (+) Sense single-stranded RNA viruse

Higher Order Categories


Order:
Family:Flaviviridae
Subfamily:
Genus: Flavivirus

Description and Significance

Infection with Flavivirus may lead to Dengue(DF), or Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever (DHF). Both of these are serious disease processes that have lead to major epidemics throughout history. The first reported epidemics of Dengue occurred between 1779 and 1780 over continents as far apart as North America, Africa, and Asia [1]. Although, historically, outbreaks of dengue have been widespread, the disease process has not always been considered fatal in healthy adults [1]. Infection of Flavivirus can be deadly, however, when it leads to hemorrhagic fever or dengue shock syndrome [2].

Dengue fever continues to be a problem in some part of the world, yet no vaccines have been developed and tested on humans [1]. In addition, 50 to 100 million individuals are infected with dengue every year [3]. For this reason, it is important to continue researching this virus.


Genome Structure

Flavivirus capsids contain a single-stranded, positive-sense RNA molecule of approximately 10,700 base pairs. This genome is then surrounded by a nucleocapsid [4]. This genome consists of one open reading-frame that encodes a precursor polyprotein [4]. This polyprotein is altered both during and after translation to produce 10 proteins [5].



Virion Structure of a Flavivirus

Reproductive Cycle of a Flavivirus in a Host Cell

Viral Ecology and Pathology

References

1. Dengue Fever Fact Sheet-CDC Division of Vector-Born Infectious Diseases (DVBID). http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/dvbid/dengue/#history Accessed on 9.16.2008

2. W. Wang, T. Sung,Y.Tsai, C. Kao,S. Chang,and C.C. King. Detection of Dengue Virus Replication in Peripheral Blood Mononuclear Cells from Dengue Virus Type 2-Infected Patients by a Reverse Transcription-Real-Time PCR Assay. Journal of Clinical Microbiology. December 2002, p. 4472-4478, Vol. 40

3. MedlinePlus: Dengue. http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/dengue.html Accessed on 9.16.2008

4. K.C. Leitmeyer, D. W. Vaughn, D.M. Watts, C. Ramos, and R.R. Hesse. Dengue Virus Structural Differences That Correlate with Pathogenesis. Journal of Virology, June 1999, Vol. 73, 4738-4747

5. L. Markoff, X. Pang, H. Houng, B. Falgout, R. Olsen, E. Jones, and S. Polo. Derivation and Characterization of a Dengue Type 1 Host Range-Restricted Mutant Virus That Is Attenuated and Highly Immunogenic in Monkeys. Journal of Virology. Vol. 76. 3318-3328

6.