Difference between revisions of "Halobacterium sp. NRC-1"

From MicrobeWiki, the student-edited microbiology resource
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==Description and significance==
 
==Description and significance==
Describe the appearance, habitat, etc. of the organism, and why it is important enough to have its genome sequenced.  Describe how and where it was isolated.
 
Include a picture or two (with sources) if you can find them.
 
  
 
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Halobacterium sp. NRC-1 is an exceptionally halophilic archaeon that has given us much insight on elemental cellular processes common to all life forms because of its extreme lifestyle. Because Halobacterium sp. NRC-1 can be easily cultured and is genetically well-behaved, studies of genetic, transcriptomic, proteomic and bioinformatics as well as archaea in general have been helpful during its research in laboratories. Its genome sequence has also been completed in the year of 2000 helping to give research on DNA replication and repair systems, phototrophic, anaerobic, as well as lateral gene transfer over time.
''Bacillus licheniformis'' is a bacterium that is commonly found in soil and bird feathers. Birds that tend to stay on the ground more than the air (i.e. sparrows) and on the water (i.e. ducks) are common carriers of this bacterium; it is mostly found around the bird's chest area and back plumage.
 
 
 
''Bacillus licheniformis'' is part of the subtilis group along with ''Bacillus subtilis'' and ''Bacillus pumilus''. These bacteria are commonly known to cause food poisoning and food spoilage. ''Bacillus licheniformis'' also is known for contaminating dairy products. Food borne outbreaks usually involve cases of cooked meats and vegetables, raw milk, and industrially produced baby food contaminated with ''Bacillus licheniformis''.
 
  
 
==Genome structure==
 
==Genome structure==
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[Sample reference] [http://ijs.sgmjournals.org/cgi/reprint/50/2/489 Takai, K., Sugai, A., Itoh, T., and Horikoshi, K. "''Palaeococcus ferrophilus'' gen. nov., sp. nov., a barophilic, hyperthermophilic archaeon from a deep-sea hydrothermal vent chimney". ''International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology''. 2000. Volume 50. p. 489-500.]
 
[Sample reference] [http://ijs.sgmjournals.org/cgi/reprint/50/2/489 Takai, K., Sugai, A., Itoh, T., and Horikoshi, K. "''Palaeococcus ferrophilus'' gen. nov., sp. nov., a barophilic, hyperthermophilic archaeon from a deep-sea hydrothermal vent chimney". ''International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology''. 2000. Volume 50. p. 489-500.]
  
Edited by student of [mailto:ralarsen@ucsd.edu Rachel Larsen] and Kit Pogliano
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Edited by Sung-Hee Hong, a student of [mailto:ralarsen@ucsd.edu Rachel Larsen] and Kit Pogliano

Revision as of 08:51, 2 May 2007

A Microbial Biorealm page on the genus Halobacterium sp. NRC-1

Classification

Higher order taxa

Archaea; Euryarchaeota; Halobacteria; Halobacteriales; Halobacteriaceae; Halobacterium; Halobacterium sp. NRC-1

Species

Halobacterium, salinarum


NCBI: Taxonomy

Description and significance

Halobacterium sp. NRC-1 is an exceptionally halophilic archaeon that has given us much insight on elemental cellular processes common to all life forms because of its extreme lifestyle. Because Halobacterium sp. NRC-1 can be easily cultured and is genetically well-behaved, studies of genetic, transcriptomic, proteomic and bioinformatics as well as archaea in general have been helpful during its research in laboratories. Its genome sequence has also been completed in the year of 2000 helping to give research on DNA replication and repair systems, phototrophic, anaerobic, as well as lateral gene transfer over time.

Genome structure

Describe the size and content of the genome. How many chromosomes? Circular or linear? Other interesting features? What is known about its sequence? Does it have any plasmids? Are they important to the organism's lifestyle?

Bacillus Licheniformis is a Gram positive, thermophillic bacterium. Its optimal growth temperature is 50°C, but it can also survive at much higher temperatures. Its optimal temperature for

Cell structure and metabolism

Describe any interesting features and/or cell structures; how it gains energy; what important molecules it produces.

Ecology

Describe any interactions with other organisms (included eukaryotes), contributions to the environment, effect on environment, etc.

Pathology

How does this organism cause disease? Human, animal, plant hosts? Virulence factors, as well as patient symptoms.

Application to Biotechnology

Does this organism produce any useful compounds or enzymes? What are they and how are they used?

Current Research

Enter summaries of the most recent research here--at least three required

References

[Sample reference] Takai, K., Sugai, A., Itoh, T., and Horikoshi, K. "Palaeococcus ferrophilus gen. nov., sp. nov., a barophilic, hyperthermophilic archaeon from a deep-sea hydrothermal vent chimney". International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology. 2000. Volume 50. p. 489-500.

Edited by Sung-Hee Hong, a student of Rachel Larsen and Kit Pogliano