Difference between revisions of "Lipothrixviridae"

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===Genera===
 
===Genera===
  
Alphalipothrixvirus, Betalipothrixvirus, Gammalipothrixvirus, unclassified Lipothrixvirus ([http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/Taxonomy/Browser/wwwtax.cgi?id=10477 NCBI Taxonomy])
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''Alphalipothrixvirus'', ''Betalipothrixvirus'', ''Gammalipothrixvirus''
  
 
==Description and Significance==
 
==Description and Significance==
  
Lipothrixviridae is a family of enveloped, lipid-containing filamentous DNA viruses. These viruses infect archae.
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Lipothrixviridae is a family crenarchaeal viruses.  It is by far the most diverse family of crenarchaeal viruses, with six isolates divided into three genera: ''Alphalipothrixvirus'', ''Betalipothrixvirus'', and ''Gammalipothrixvirus''.  ''Alphalipothrixvirus'' contains TTV1, TTV2, and TTV3, isolated from acidic hot springs Iceland.  ''Betalipothrixvirus'' contains SIFV, also isolated in Iceland.  Finally, ''Gammalipothrixvirus'' is represented by AFV1, isolated from Yellowstone National Park.  (sources: [http://www.pubmedcentral.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pubmed&pubmedid=15901711 Häring et al.], Ortmann et al.)
  
 
==Genome Structure==
 
==Genome Structure==
  
The genome of Lipothrixviridae is not segmented and contains a single molecule of linear double-stranded DNA. The complete genome is 16000 nucleotides long. (source: [http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/ICTVdb/ICTVdB/38000000.htm ICTVdb Descriptions])
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The genome of Lipothrixviridae is not segmented and contains a single molecule of linear double-stranded DNA. The complete genome is 16000 nucleotides long. (source: [http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/ICTVdb/ICTVdB/38000000.htm ICTVdB])
  
 
==Virion Structure of a Lipothrixviridae==
 
==Virion Structure of a Lipothrixviridae==
  
The virions of Lipothrixviridae consist of an envelope and a nucleocapsid, The virus capsid is enveloped and the virions are rod-shaped, rigid and have protrusions extending from the core through the envelope that arise asymmetrically from both ends. The virions measure 38 nm in diameter and are 410 nm long with a tight fitting membrane. The envelope has no surface projections. The capsid is elongated and exhibits helical symmetry and the core is helical. (source: [http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/ICTVdb/ICTVdB/38000000.htm ICTVdb Descriptions])
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The virions of Lipothrixviridae consist of an envelope and a nucleocapsid. The virus capsid is enveloped and the virions are rod-shaped, rigid and have protrusions extending from the core through the envelope that arise asymmetrically from both ends. The virions measure 38 nm in diameter and are 410 nm long with a tight fitting membrane. The envelope has no surface projections. The capsid is elongated and exhibits helical symmetry and the core is helical. (source: [http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/ICTVdb/ICTVdB/38000000.htm ICTVdB])
  
 
==Reproductive Cycle of a Lipothrixviridae in a Host Cell==
 
==Reproductive Cycle of a Lipothrixviridae in a Host Cell==
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==Viral Ecology & Pathology==
 
==Viral Ecology & Pathology==
  
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The Lipothrixviridae infect both acidophilic thermophiles (such as [[Sulfolobus]] and Acidianus species) as well as thermophiles from more neutral environments (such as ''Thermoproteus tenax'').  Like most crenarchaeal viruses, the Lipothrixviridae set up chronic infections rather than lytic infections (i.e., the host cell is not lysed).  (source: Ortmann et al.)
  
 
==References==
 
==References==
  
[http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/ICTVdb/ICTVdB/38000000.htm ICTVdb Descriptions]
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[http://www.pubmedcentral.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pubmed&pubmedid=15901711 Häring et al.  "Structure and Genome Organization of AFV2, a Novel Archaeal Lipothrixvirus with Unusual Terminal and Core Structures."  ''Journal of Bacteriology'' 187.11 (2005): 3855–3858.]
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[http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/ICTVdb/ICTVdB/38000000.htm ICTVdB - The Universal Virus Database, version 3. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/ICTVdb/ICTVdB/]
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Ortmann et al. "Hot crenarchaeal viruses reveal deep evolutionary connections." ''Nature Reviews Microbiology'' 4 (2006): 520-528.

Revision as of 20:38, 28 July 2006

Lipothrixviridae. (source: ICTVdb Descriptions)

Baltimore Classification

Higher order taxa

Viruses; dsDNA viruses, no RNA stage; Lipothrixviridae

Genera

Alphalipothrixvirus, Betalipothrixvirus, Gammalipothrixvirus

Description and Significance

Lipothrixviridae is a family crenarchaeal viruses. It is by far the most diverse family of crenarchaeal viruses, with six isolates divided into three genera: Alphalipothrixvirus, Betalipothrixvirus, and Gammalipothrixvirus. Alphalipothrixvirus contains TTV1, TTV2, and TTV3, isolated from acidic hot springs Iceland. Betalipothrixvirus contains SIFV, also isolated in Iceland. Finally, Gammalipothrixvirus is represented by AFV1, isolated from Yellowstone National Park. (sources: Häring et al., Ortmann et al.)

Genome Structure

The genome of Lipothrixviridae is not segmented and contains a single molecule of linear double-stranded DNA. The complete genome is 16000 nucleotides long. (source: ICTVdB)

Virion Structure of a Lipothrixviridae

The virions of Lipothrixviridae consist of an envelope and a nucleocapsid. The virus capsid is enveloped and the virions are rod-shaped, rigid and have protrusions extending from the core through the envelope that arise asymmetrically from both ends. The virions measure 38 nm in diameter and are 410 nm long with a tight fitting membrane. The envelope has no surface projections. The capsid is elongated and exhibits helical symmetry and the core is helical. (source: ICTVdB)

Reproductive Cycle of a Lipothrixviridae in a Host Cell

Viral Ecology & Pathology

The Lipothrixviridae infect both acidophilic thermophiles (such as Sulfolobus and Acidianus species) as well as thermophiles from more neutral environments (such as Thermoproteus tenax). Like most crenarchaeal viruses, the Lipothrixviridae set up chronic infections rather than lytic infections (i.e., the host cell is not lysed). (source: Ortmann et al.)

References

Häring et al. "Structure and Genome Organization of AFV2, a Novel Archaeal Lipothrixvirus with Unusual Terminal and Core Structures." Journal of Bacteriology 187.11 (2005): 3855–3858.

ICTVdB - The Universal Virus Database, version 3. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/ICTVdb/ICTVdB/

Ortmann et al. "Hot crenarchaeal viruses reveal deep evolutionary connections." Nature Reviews Microbiology 4 (2006): 520-528.