Mitochondrial DNA and Diabetes Mellitus
Mitochondrial DNA is DNA found in the mitochondria, a double membraned organelle where the aerobic reactions of respiration take place in eukaryotes. The mitochondrial DNA is circular in shape, reminding us of its bacterial origin from the endosymbiont theory. Right after fertilization the small number of mitochondria found in the sperm are quickly destroyed, making sure that all the mitochondria we receive come from our mothers. Mitochondrial DNA is always inherited maternally. This small piece of genetic material is comprised of 16, 569 base pairs and codes for 13 proteins..
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Legend/credit: Electron micrograph of the Ebola Zaire virus. This was the first photo ever taken of the virus, on 10/13/1976. By Dr. F.A. Murphy, now at U.C. Davis, then at the CDC.
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