Mitochondrial DNA and Diabetes Mellitus

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Mitochondrial DNA is DNA found in the mitochondria, a double membraned organelle where the aerobic reactions of respiration take place in eukaryotes. The mitochondrial DNA is circular in shape, reminding us of its bacterial origin from the endosymbiont theory. Right after fertilization the small number of mitochondria found in the sperm are quickly destroyed, making sure that all the mitochondria we receive come from our mothers. Mitochondrial DNA is always inherited maternally. This small piece of genetic material is comprised of 16, 569 base pairs and codes for 13 proteins..
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File:Mitochondrial DNA lg.jpg
Mitochondrial DNA. National Institutes of Health. National Human Genome Research Institute. “Talking Glossary of Genetic Terms.” Retrieved November 17, 2016, from

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Edited by [Author Name], student of Joan Slonczewski for BIOL 116 Information in Living Systems, 2019, Kenyon College.