A Microbial Biorealm page on the genus Mycoplasma capricolum
Higher order taxa
Cellular organisms; Bacteria; Firmicutes; Mollicutes; Mycoplasmatales; Mycoplasmataceae; Mycoplasma
Description and significance
Mycoplasma capricolum belongs to the genus Mycoplasma, which is a genus of bacteria that does not have cell wall neither murein. This Gram-negative organism is a causative agents of caprine respiratory diseases. Some subspecies of Mycoplasma capricolum, for example,Mycoplasma capricolumsubsp. mycoides and Mycoplasma capricolumsubsp.capripneumoniae are especially virulent.
Describe the size and content of the genome. How many chromosomes? Circular or linear? Other interesting features? What is known about its sequence? Does it have any plasmids? Are they important to the organism's lifestyle?
Cell structure and metabolism
Describe any interesting features and/or cell structures; how it gains energy; what important molecules it produces.
Describe any interactions with other organisms (included eukaryotes), contributions to the environment, effect on environment, etc.
How does this organism cause disease? Human, animal, plant hosts? Virulence factors, as well as patient symptoms.
Application to Biotechnology
Does this organism produce any useful compounds or enzymes? What are they and how are they used?
Enter summaries of the most recent research here--at least three required
[Sample reference] Takai, K., Sugai, A., Itoh, T., and Horikoshi, K. "Palaeococcus ferrophilus gen. nov., sp. nov., a barophilic, hyperthermophilic archaeon from a deep-sea hydrothermal vent chimney". International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology. 2000. Volume 50. p. 489-500.
Edited by Rene Ku, student of Rachel Larsen and Kit Pogliano