a. Higher order taxa
Domain; Phylum; Class; Order; Family; Genus Include this section if your Wiki page focuses on a specific taxon/group of organisms
2. Description and significance
Describe the appearance, habitat, etc. of the organism, and why you think it is important.
- Include as many headings as are relevant to your microbe. Consider using the headings below, as they will allow readers to quickly locate specific information of major interest*
3. Genome structure
Describe the size and content of the genome. How many chromosomes? Circular or linear? Other interesting features? What is known about its sequence?
4. Cell structure
Interesting features of cell structure. Can be combined with “metabolic processes”
5. Metabolic processes
Describe important sources of energy, electrons, and carbon (i.e. trophy) for the organism/organisms you are focusing on, as well as important molecules it/they synthesize(s).
P. membranifaciens can be found in a various types of environments. While Pichia membranifaciens are most notably known for creating biofilms on various alcohol products, they can also be found in fruit skins, cheese, olive brines, and baking products4,17, 18. With an ethanol tolerance of 11%, they often reside in alcohol distilleries and are involved in all stages of the fermentation process2. Considering the fact that this yeast is commonly found in outdoor environments, it is a mesothermophile which has an optimal growth temperature of 20℃5. P. membranifaciens is a well-known halotolerant for it optimally grows at a sodium chloride concentration of 3M5. For this reason, Pichia membranifaciens is commonly found in olive brines16. The following species is also osmotolerant and acidophilic, with its optimal pH conditions being around a 4.05. It has also been demonstrated that P. membranifaciens is capable of growing in the presence of common growth inhibitors such as acetate10.
How does this organism cause disease? Human, animal, plant hosts? Virulence factors, as well as patient symptoms.
8. Current Research
Include information about how this microbe (or related microbes) are currently being studied and for what purpose
It is required that you add at least five primary research articles (in same format as the sample reference below) that corresponds to the info that you added to this page. [Sample reference] Faller, A., and Schleifer, K. "Modified Oxidase and Benzidine Tests for Separation of Staphylococci from Micrococci". Journal of Clinical Microbiology. 1981. Volume 13. p. 1031-1035.