Propionibacterium acnes

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Propionibacterium acnes is…

Taxonomic Classification

Higher Order Taxa:

Bacteria; Actinobacteria; Actinobacteridae; Actinomycetales; Propionibacterineae; Propionibacteriaceae; Propionibacterium

Alternative Nomenclature:

  • Corynebacterium acnes
  • Bacillus acnes
  • Corynebacterium acnes (Gilchrist 1900 and Eberson 1918)
  • Bacillus acnes (Gilchrist 1900)



Genomic size is 2.56026 Mbp and has a G-C content of 60%


Cell Structure



Current Research


Allison, Clive et al. 1989. Dissimilatory Nitrate Reduction by Propionibacterium acnes. Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 55 (11): 2899-2903.

Brüggemann, Holger et al. 2004. The Complete Genome Sequence of Propionibacterium Acnes, a Commensal of Human Skin. Science, 305: 671-672.

Farrar, Mark D. et al. 2007. Genome Sequence and Analysis of a Propionibacterium acnes Bacteriophage, Journal of Bacteriology, 189 (11) 4161–4167.

Higaki, Shuichi et al. 2004. Propionibacterium acnes Biotypes and Susceptibility to Minocycline and Keigai-rengyo-to. International Journal of Dermatology, 43: 103–107.

Ingham, Eileen 1999. The Immunology of Propionibacterium acnes and Acne. Current Opinion in Infectious Diseases, 12(3): 191-197.

Liavonchanka, Alena et al. 2006. Structure and Mechanism of the Propionibacterium acnes Polyunsaturated Fatty Acid Isomerase. PNAS, 103 (8): 2581.

Moore, W.E.C. et al. 1962. Validity of Propionibacterium acnes (Gilchrist) Douglas and Gunter Comb. Nov. Journal of Bacteriology, 870-874.

Oprica, Cristina et al. 2007. Clinical and Microbiological Comparisons of Isotretinoin vs. Tetracycline in Acne Vulgaris. Acta Derm Venereol, 87: 246–254.

Rosenberg, E. William 1969. Bacteriology of Acne. Annual Reviews, 20: 201-206.

This page was created by Christopher B. Smith under the supervision of Professors Rachel Larson and Kit Pogliano at the University of California, San Diego.