Difference between revisions of "Pseudoalteromonas haloplanktis"
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Revision as of 19:04, 19 August 2010
A Microbial Biorealm page on the genus Pseudoalteromonas haloplanktis
Higher order taxa
Bacteria; Proteobacteria; Gammaproteobacteria; Alteromonadales; Pseudoalteromonadaceae; Pseudoalteromonas
P. agarivorans, P. aliena, P. antarctica, P. arctica, P. atlantica, P. aurantia, P. byunsanensis, P. carrageenovora, P. chazhmella, P. citrea, P. denitrificans, P. distincta, P. elyakovii, P. espejiana, P. flavipulchra, P. ganghwensis, P. gracilis, P. haloplanktis, P. issachenkonii, P. luteoviolacea, P. maricaloris, P. marina, P. mariniglutinosa, P. nigrifaciens, P. paragorgicola, P. peptidolyticam P. phenolica, P. piscicida, P. porphyrae, P. prydzensis, P. rubra, P. ruthenica, P. sagamiensis, P. spiralis, P. spongiae, P. telluritireducens, P. tetraodonis, P. translucida, P. tunicate, P. ulvae, P. undina, P. viridis, P. whanghaensis, P. sp.
Description and significance
Pseudoaltermonas haloplanktis is a curved, rod shaped (0.2 to 1.5 by 1.8 to 3 µm), Antarctica psychrophile bacterium (Gauthier et al). It was initially called Alteromonas tetraodonis, but has been reclassified as Alteromonas haloplanktis then to Pseudoalteromonas haloplanktis from the phylogenetic assays that was done by Gauthier et al. Gauthier et al.. In addition, Pseudoaltermonas haloplanktis is a Gram negative bacterium that is non-spore-forming, not luminescent, and is motile by polar flagella. This organism was isolated from the Antarctic coastal sea sample water and is found to grow only in marine environment at ~20ºC. Researchers have sequenced some of its genome such as DNA ligase and cellulase to give an understanding of how its enzymatic proteins allow it to adapt at such low temperature.
Pseudoalteromonas haloplanktis is an aerobe that has no fermentative metabolism. They are rod-shaped bacteria that are classfied as sub species: Pseudoalteromonas haloplanktis subsp. haloplanktis and Pseudoalteromonas haloplanktis subsp. tetraodonis. Strain Pseudoalteromonas haloplanktis TAC 125 is completely sequenced and found to have 2 circular chromosomes, Chromosome I and Chromosome II. Chromosome I has 40% G+C content with 2940 proteins while Chromosome II has 39% G+C rich with 546 proteins. Genes which are encoded account for 87% of the gemone. Read "The complete proteome of Pseudoalteromonas haloplanktis (strain TAC 125)" for further information on the genome of this strain.
Cell structure and metabolism
P. haloplanktis is chemoautotroph that requires oxygen; it does not have fermentative metabolism.
Pseudoaltermonas haloplanktis tetraodonis is responsible for numerous deaths each year in Japan resulting from the consumption of pufferfish (The Lab Rat-online).
Application to Biotechnology
Pseudoalteromonas haloplanktis DNA ligase has similar catalytic activity to other NAD+-dependent DNA ligases for low-temperature adaptation of organism.
- Gauthier G et al., "Phylogenetic analysis of the genera Alteromonas, Shewanella, and Moritella using genes coding for small-subunit rRNA sequences and division of the genus Alteromonas into two genera, Alteromonas (emended) and Pseudoalteromonas gen. nov., and proposal of twelve new species combinations.", International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology, 1995. Volume 45(4). p. 755-61.
- Ivanova, E., Chun, J., Romanenko, L., Matte, M., Mikhailov, V., Frolova, G., Huq, A., & Colwell, R. “Reclassification of Alteromonas distincta Romanenko et el. 1995 as Pseudoalteromonas distincta comb. nov. ” International Journal of Systematic & Evolutionary Microbriology, 2000. Volume 50: p. 141-144.
- Corsaro, M; Lanzetta, R.; Parrilli, E.; Parrilli, M. and Tutino, M. L. "Structural investigation on the lipooligosaccharide fraction of psychrophilic Pseudoalteromonas haloplanktis TAC 125 bacterium", Eur. J. Biochem. 2001, 268, 5092-5097
Edited by Kim Ngo, a student of Rachel Larsen