Difference between revisions of "Shigella boydii"

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(Cell structure and metabolism)
(Pathology)
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==Pathology==
 
==Pathology==
Known to cause Shigellosis (bacillary dysentery) through oral-fecal transmission. Less than 10% of foodborne illnesses are attributed to Shigella bacteria in the United States.2
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Known to cause diarrhea and Shigellosis (bacillary dysentery) through oral-fecal transmission. Less than 10% of foodborne illnesses are attributed to Shigella bacteria in the United States.2
  
 
==Application to Biotechnology==
 
==Application to Biotechnology==

Revision as of 21:09, 30 April 2007

Template:Biorealm genus

Classification

Higher order taxa

Bacteria;Proteobacteria;Gamma Proteobacteria;Enterobacteriales;Enterobacteriaceae;Shigella

Genus

Shigella boydii


NCBI: Taxonomy

Description and significance

Describe the appearance, habitat, etc. of the organism, and why it is important enough to have its genome sequenced. Describe how and where it was isolated. Include a picture or two (with sources) if you can find them.

Genome structure

Describe the size and content of the genome. How many chromosomes? Circular or linear? Other interesting features? What is known about its sequence? Does it have any plasmids? Are they important to the organism's lifestyle?

Cell structure and metabolism

Describe any interesting features and/or cell structures; how it gains energy; what important molecules it produces.

Ecology

Describe any interactions with other organisms (included eukaryotes), contributions to the environment, effect on environment, etc.

Pathology

Known to cause diarrhea and Shigellosis (bacillary dysentery) through oral-fecal transmission. Less than 10% of foodborne illnesses are attributed to Shigella bacteria in the United States.2

Application to Biotechnology

Does this organism produce any useful compounds or enzymes? What are they and how are they used?

Current Research

Enter summaries of the most recent research here--at least three required

References

1. Feng, Lu, Sof'ya N. Senchenkova, Jinghua Yang, Alexander S. Shashkov, Jiang Tao, Hongjie Guo, Guang Zhao, Yuriy A. Knirel, Peter Reeves, and Lei Wang. "Structural and Genetic Characterization of the Shigella Boydii Type 13 O Antigen." J Bacteriol 186(2) (2004): 383-392. PMID 14702307

2. "Shigella." U.S. Food and Drug Administration. 14 June 2006. Department of Health and Human Services. 30 Apr. 2007 <http://www.cfsan.fda.gov/~mow/chap19.html>.

Edited by student of Rachel Larsen and Kit Pogliano