Difference between revisions of "Template:Genus larsen"

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(Genome structure)
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{{biorealm genus}}
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{{Biorealm Genus}}
  
 
==Classification==
 
==Classification==
  
 
===Higher order taxa===
 
===Higher order taxa===
Bacteria;Proteobacteria;Alphaproteobacteria;Rhizobiales;Bradyrhizobiaceae;Nitrobacter
 
 
 
 
===Genus===
 
 
 
''Nitrobacter winogradskyi''
 
  
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Domain; Phylum; Class; Order; family [Others may be used.  Use [http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/Taxonomy/ NCBI] link to find]
  
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===Species===
  
 
{|
 
{|
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'''NCBI: [http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/Taxonomy/Browser/wwwtax.cgi?mode=Tree&id=2&lvl=3&lin=f&keep=1&srchmode=1&unlock Taxonomy]'''
 
'''NCBI: [http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/Taxonomy/Browser/wwwtax.cgi?mode=Tree&id=2&lvl=3&lin=f&keep=1&srchmode=1&unlock Taxonomy]'''
 
|}
 
|}
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''Genus species''
  
 
==Description and significance==
 
==Description and significance==
They live together with the ammonia oxidisers. They are present in many soils, natural stones as well as fresh or brackish waters. The presence of organic materials often selects for the facultatively lithotrophic Nitrobacter species.
 
 
 
Nitrobacter winogradsky can be found living in many soils, natural stones as well as both fresh water and salt water. They have many differing rod shaped cells which divide through polar swelling.  It contains an asymmetrical membrane system, carboxysomes along with intracellular inclusion bodies.  It can grow in both aerobic and anarobic conditions with nitrate as its electron acceptor.
 
  It is important to sequence the genome of Nitrobacter winogradskyi to see the relation between itself and other bacteria involved  in the nitrogen cycle to improve nitrogen management.
 
 
 
Describe the appearance, habitat, etc. of the organism, and why it is important enough to have its genome sequenced.  Describe how and where it was isolated.
 
Describe the appearance, habitat, etc. of the organism, and why it is important enough to have its genome sequenced.  Describe how and where it was isolated.
 
Include a picture or two (with sources) if you can find them.
 
Include a picture or two (with sources) if you can find them.
  
 
==Genome structure==
 
==Genome structure==
Nitrobacter winogradskyi has a circlular DNA chormosome with the length of 3,402,093 bp encoding 3,143 predicted proteins. The genome is make up of around 62% GC pairs. 2566 were assigned a role in catagories.
 
 
Describe the size and content of the genome.  How many chromosomes?  Circular or linear?  Other interesting features?  What is known about its sequence?
 
Describe the size and content of the genome.  How many chromosomes?  Circular or linear?  Other interesting features?  What is known about its sequence?
 
Does it have any plasmids?  Are they important to the organism's lifestyle?
 
Does it have any plasmids?  Are they important to the organism's lifestyle?
  
 
==Cell structure and metabolism==
 
==Cell structure and metabolism==
Nitrobacter winogradskyi are gram negative bacteria which play a key role in the nitrogen cycle by converting nitrite to nitrate. It derives its energy through nitrite oxidation and carbon dioxide fixation, which it can do simultaniously, thus acting as a chemolithoautotroph.  In the absence of nitrite it uses soley carbon sources and acts as a chemoorganoheterotroph.
 
 
Describe any interesting features and/or cell structures; how it gains energy; what important molecules it produces.
 
Describe any interesting features and/or cell structures; how it gains energy; what important molecules it produces.
  
 
==Ecology==
 
==Ecology==
It interacts with ammonium oxidizing bacteria which also plays a key role in the nitrogen cycle. Ammonium oxidizing bacteria inititaites nitrification, in which nitrite is the end product.  Nitrobacter winogradskyi then proceeds to oxidize nitrite to nitrate.
 
 
Describe any interactions with other organisms (included eukaryotes), contributions to the environment, effect on environment, etc.
 
Describe any interactions with other organisms (included eukaryotes), contributions to the environment, effect on environment, etc.
  
 
==Pathology==
 
==Pathology==
There is no known virulence
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How does this organism cause disease?  Human, animal, plant hosts?  Virulence factors, as well as patient symptoms.
  
 
==Application to Biotechnology==
 
==Application to Biotechnology==
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==References==
 
==References==
example:
+
[Sample reference] [http://ijs.sgmjournals.org/cgi/reprint/50/2/489 Takai, K., Sugai, A., Itoh, T., and Horikoshi, K. "''Palaeococcus ferrophilus'' gen. nov., sp. nov., a barophilic, hyperthermophilic archaeon from a deep-sea hydrothermal vent chimney". ''International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology''. 2000. Volume 50. p. 489-500.]
http://genome.jgi-psf.org/finished_microbes/nitwi/nitwi.home.html
 
 
 
http://www.microbionet.com.au/nwinogradskyi.htm
 
 
 
http://rice.tigr.org/tigr-scripts/CMR2/GenomeTabs.spl?database=ntnw01
 
[http://www.pnas.org/cgi/content/full/100/14/8298 Glockner, F. O., M. Kube, M. Bauer, H. Teeling, T. Lombardot, W. Ludwig, D. Gade, A. Beck, K Borzym, K Heitmann, R. Rabus, H. Schlesner, R. Amann, and R. Reinhardt. 2003. "Complete genome sequence of the marine planctomycete ''Pirellula'' sp. strain 1."'' Proceedings of the National Acedemy of Sciences'', vol. 100, no. 14. (8298-8303)]
 
 
 
  
 
Edited by student of [mailto:ralarsen@ucsd.edu Rachel Larsen] and Kit Pogliano
 
Edited by student of [mailto:ralarsen@ucsd.edu Rachel Larsen] and Kit Pogliano

Revision as of 20:42, 30 April 2007

A Microbial Biorealm page on the genus Genus larsen

Classification

Higher order taxa

Domain; Phylum; Class; Order; family [Others may be used. Use NCBI link to find]

Species

NCBI: Taxonomy

Genus species

Description and significance

Describe the appearance, habitat, etc. of the organism, and why it is important enough to have its genome sequenced. Describe how and where it was isolated. Include a picture or two (with sources) if you can find them.

Genome structure

Describe the size and content of the genome. How many chromosomes? Circular or linear? Other interesting features? What is known about its sequence? Does it have any plasmids? Are they important to the organism's lifestyle?

Cell structure and metabolism

Describe any interesting features and/or cell structures; how it gains energy; what important molecules it produces.

Ecology

Describe any interactions with other organisms (included eukaryotes), contributions to the environment, effect on environment, etc.

Pathology

How does this organism cause disease? Human, animal, plant hosts? Virulence factors, as well as patient symptoms.

Application to Biotechnology

Does this organism produce any useful compounds or enzymes? What are they and how are they used?

Current Research

Enter summaries of the most recent research here--at least three required

References

[Sample reference] Takai, K., Sugai, A., Itoh, T., and Horikoshi, K. "Palaeococcus ferrophilus gen. nov., sp. nov., a barophilic, hyperthermophilic archaeon from a deep-sea hydrothermal vent chimney". International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology. 2000. Volume 50. p. 489-500.

Edited by student of Rachel Larsen and Kit Pogliano