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A Microbial Biorealm page on the genus Ustilago


Higher order taxa

Eukaryota; Fungi; Basidiomycota; Ustilaginomycetes; Ustilaginomycetidae; Ustilaginales; Ustilaginaceae; Ustilago


Ustilago maydis (zeae is obsolete name), U. scitaminea (cane smut), U. lituana (grass smut), U. violacea, U. scabiosae, U. utriculosae, U. sphaerogena, U. bullata, U. nigra, U. hordei, U. heterogena

Description and significance

Describe the appearance, habitat, etc. of the organism, and why you think it is important.

Genome structure

Describe the size and content of the genome. How many chromosomes? Circular or linear? Other interesting features? What is known about its sequence?

Cell structure and metabolism

Interesting features of cell structure; how it gains energy; what important molecules it produces.


Habitat; symbiosis; contributions to the environment.


How does this organism cause disease? Human, animal, plant hosts? Virulence factors, as well as patient symptoms.

Current Research

Enter summarries of the most rescent research here--at least three required


[Sample reference] Takai, K., Sugai, A., Itoh, T., and Horikoshi, K. "Palaeococcus ferrophilus gen. nov., sp. nov., a barophilic, hyperthermophilic archaeon from a deep-sea hydrothermal vent chimney". International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology. 2000. Volume 50. p. 489-500.

Edited by student of Dr. Kirk Bartholomew