Higher Order Taxa
Description and Significance
Volvox aureus, more commonly known as green algae, was first identified by Dutch businessman and scientist Antoine van Leeuwenhoek in 1700.
Describe the appearance, habitat, etc. of the organism, and why you think it is important.
Describe the size and content of the genome. How many chromosomes? Circular or linear? Other interesting features? What is known about its sequence?
Cell Structure, Metabolism and Life Cycle
Interesting features of cell structure; how it gains energy; what important molecules it produces.
One of the unique features of V. aureus is the microscopic cytoplasmic bridges that connect the individual cells of the parent colonies. These bridges originate from incomplete cell division during cytokinesis and can only been seen under electon microscopes (1).
Habitat; symbiosis; biogeochemical significance; contributions to environment.
If relevant, how does this organism cause disease? Human, animal, plant hosts? Virulence factors, as well as patient symptoms.
(5) Van Leeuwenhoek, A. "Part of a letter from Mr Antony Van Leeuwenhoek, concerning the worms in Sheeps livers, Gnats and animalcula in the excrements of Frogs." Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society. 1701. Volume 22. p. 509-518.
Page authored by Madison Fiegl and JD French, students of Prof. Jay Lennon at Indiana University.