Higher order taxa
Bacteria; Proteobacteria; Eplsilonproteobacteria; Helobacteraceae; Wolinella succinogenes
[Others may be used. Use NCBI link to find]
=Description and significance
Wolinela succinogenes belongs to th epsilon subclass of proteobacteria along with its close relatives Helicobacter pylori and Campylobacter jejuni. Helicobacer pylori and Campylobacter jejuni are of the groups Helicobacteraceae and Campylobacteraceae respectively which are important pathogens in animals and humans. Helicobacter pylori has been associated with ulcers and gastric cancer and Campylobacter jejuni has been found to cauce the illness guillain-Barre syndrome. Although Wolinella succinogenes has een coined as a member of Helicobacteraceae, it exists phylogenetically as in intermediate between the two groups mentioned. It was originally isolated from cattle rumen and then reisolated by other molecular methods and is found to be a nonpathogenic host asociated organism.
Shotgun sequencing of Wolinella succinogenes revealed that it composed of a circular chromosome of 2,110,355 base pairs. No plasmids were found.
Cell structure and metabolism
Wolinella succinogenes is a cylindrical shaped organism with a single flagella at one of its poles. It is a nonfermenting bacterium that undergoes anaerobic fumerate respiration. Wolinella succinogenes' also contains protective enzymes that allow the bacteria to deal with reactive oxygen that may nter the cell.
Describe any interactions with other organisms (included eukaryotes), contributions to the environment, effect on environment, etc.
How does this organism cause disease? Human, animal, plant hosts? Virulence factors, as well as patient symptoms.
Application to Biotechnology
Does this organism produce any useful compounds or enzymes? What are they and how are they used?
Enter summaries of the most recent research here--at least three required
Baar C et al. (2003)
Baar, C., Eppinger, M., Raddatz, G., Simon, J., Lanz, C., Klimmek, O., Nandakumar, R., Gross, R., Rosinus, A., Keller, H., Jagtap, P., Linke, B., Meyer, F., Lederer, H., and Schuster, S.C. "Complete genome sequence and analysis of Wolinella succinogenes." Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA (2003) 100:11690-11695.
[Sample reference] Takai, K., Sugai, A., Itoh, T., and Horikoshi, K. "Palaeococcus ferrophilus gen. nov., sp. nov., a barophilic, hyperthermophilic archaeon from a deep-sea hydrothermal vent chimney". International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology. 2000. Volume 50. p. 489-500.
Edited by student of Rachel Larsen and Kit Pogliano