Eukaryota; Excavata; Metamonada; Parabasalia; Parabasalia incertae sedis
Description and Significance
Cthylla microfasciculumque is a small flagellate found in the hindgut of lower termites; specifically Reticulitermes virginicus. This symbiont bears a similar appearance to Cthulhu macrofasciculumque with a single anterior nucleus and five anterior flagellum that the organism beats in a highly recurrent pattern for mobility. The study of Cthylla microfasciculumque may lead to further insights as to how Parabasalia, the larger microbes responsible for the breakdown of lignocellulose, evolved.
Cthylla microfasciculumque was classified by using a 15000bp sequence of SSU rRNA, but as of April 2013 the genome has not be sequenced.
Cell Structure, Metabolism and Life Cycle
Interesting features of cell structure; how it gains energy; what important molecules it produces.
Ecology and Pathogenesis
Cthylla microfasciculumque was isolated from the hindgut of the termite Reticulitermes virginicus. The microorganism lives in a symbiotic relationship with its host as a member of the microbial community responsible for the breakdown of lignocellulose.
James, E. R., Okamoto, N., Burki, F., Scheffrahn, R. H., and Keeling, P. J. "Cthulhu Macrofasciculumque n. g., n. sp. and Cthylla Microfasciculumque n. g., n. sp., a Newly Identified Lineage of Parabasalian Termite Symbionts". PLOS ONE. 2013. Volume 8.
Page authored by Graden Barnes and Michael Paxhia, student of Prof. Jay Lennon at Michigan State University.
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