Difference between revisions of "Gramella forsetii"

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(Description and significance)
(Higher order taxa)
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Phylum: formerly known as the Cytophaga-Flavobacteria-Bacteroides (CFB),
 
Phylum: formerly known as the Cytophaga-Flavobacteria-Bacteroides (CFB),
Members of the Bacteroidetes
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Members of the Bacteroidetes, Major taxa of marine heterotrophic bacterioplankton
  
 
===Species===
 
===Species===

Revision as of 23:08, 2 May 2007

A Microbial Biorealm page on the genus Gramella forsetii

Classification

Higher order taxa

Phylum: formerly known as the Cytophaga-Flavobacteria-Bacteroides (CFB), Members of the Bacteroidetes, Major taxa of marine heterotrophic bacterioplankton

Species

Genus species

Description and significance

They have been shown to represent significant part of free-living microbial assemblages in nutrient-rich microenvironments. Their abundance and distribution pattern in combination with enzymatic activity studies has led to the notion that organisms of this group are specialists for degradation of high molecular weight compounds in both the dissolved and particulate fraction of the marine organic matter pool, implying a major role of Bacteroidetes in the marine carbon cycle.

Describe the appearance, habitat, etc. of the organism, and why it is important enough to have its genome sequenced. Describe how and where it was isolated. Include a picture or two (with sources) if you can find them.

Genome structure

Describe the size and content of the genome. How many chromosomes? Circular or linear? Other interesting features? What is known about its sequence? Does it have any plasmids? Are they important to the organism's lifestyle?

Cell structure and metabolism

Describe any interesting features and/or cell structures; how it gains energy; what important molecules it produces.

Ecology

They are found on macroscopic organic matter particles (marine snow).

Describe any interactions with other organisms (included eukaryotes), contributions to the environment, effect on environment, etc.

Pathology

How does this organism cause disease? Human, animal, plant hosts? Virulence factors, as well as patient symptoms.

Application to Biotechnology

Does this organism produce any useful compounds or enzymes? What are they and how are they used?

Current Research

Enter summaries of the most recent research here--at least three required

References

[Sample reference] Takai, K., Sugai, A., Itoh, T., and Horikoshi, K. "Palaeococcus ferrophilus gen. nov., sp. nov., a barophilic, hyperthermophilic archaeon from a deep-sea hydrothermal vent chimney". International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology. 2000. Volume 50. p. 489-500.

Edited by student of Rachel Larsen and Kit Pogliano