Difference between revisions of "Nitrobacter hamburgensis"

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Classification
 
Classification
[edit]Higher order taxa
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Bacteria; Proteobacteria; Alphaproteobacteria; Rhizobiales; Bradyrhizobiaceae; Nitrobacter; Nitrobacter hamburgensis
Bacteria; Firmicutes; Bacilli; Lactobacillales; Enterococcaceae; Enterococcus
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Description and significance
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Nitrobacter hamburgensis, gram negative bacteria, was isolated from soil of the Old Botanic Garden in Hamburg and of a corn field in Yucatan.  The main types of environments they inhabit are soil, building sandstone, and sewage sludge.  Its cells are 0.5-0.8 x 1.2-2.0 m in size.  They are pleomorphic; mostly pear-shaped and motile via one subpolar to lateral flagellum.  Intracytoplasmic membranes appear as caps of flattened vesicles or membrane vesicles in the central region of the cell.  The bacteria have an enzyme capable of oxidizing nitrite.  This is why it is important to sequence the genome of N. hamburgensis
  
 
[edit]Genus
 
[edit]Genus

Revision as of 20:02, 30 April 2007

Classification Bacteria; Proteobacteria; Alphaproteobacteria; Rhizobiales; Bradyrhizobiaceae; Nitrobacter; Nitrobacter hamburgensis


Description and significance Nitrobacter hamburgensis, gram negative bacteria, was isolated from soil of the Old Botanic Garden in Hamburg and of a corn field in Yucatan. The main types of environments they inhabit are soil, building sandstone, and sewage sludge. Its cells are 0.5-0.8 x 1.2-2.0 m in size. They are pleomorphic; mostly pear-shaped and motile via one subpolar to lateral flagellum. Intracytoplasmic membranes appear as caps of flattened vesicles or membrane vesicles in the central region of the cell. The bacteria have an enzyme capable of oxidizing nitrite. This is why it is important to sequence the genome of N. hamburgensis

[edit]Genus Enterococcus faecalis

[edit]Description and significance Describe the appearance, habitat, etc. of the organism, and why it is important enough to have its genome sequenced. Describe how and where it was isolated. Include a picture or two (with sources) if you can find them.

[edit]Genome structure Describe the size and content of the genome. How many chromosomes? Circular or linear? Other interesting features? What is known about its sequence? Does it have any plasmids? Are they important to the organism's lifestyle?

[edit]Cell structure and metabolism Describe any interesting features and/or cell structures; how it gains energy; what important molecules it produces.

[edit]Ecology Describe any interactions with other organisms (included eukaryotes), contributions to the environment, effect on environment, etc.

[edit]Pathology How does this organism cause disease? Human, animal, plant hosts? Virulence factors, as well as patient symptoms.

[edit]Application to Biotechnology Does this organism produce any useful compounds or enzymes? What are they and how are they used?

[edit]Current Research Enter summaries of the most recent research here--at least three required

[edit]References example:

Glockner, F. O., M. Kube, M. Bauer, H. Teeling, T. Lombardot, W. Ludwig, D. Gade, A. Beck, K Borzym, K Heitmann, R. Rabus, H. Schlesner, R. Amann, and R. Reinhardt. 2003. "Complete genome sequence of the marine planctomycete Pirellula sp. strain 1." Proceedings of the National Acedemy of Sciences, vol. 100, no. 14. (8298-8303)

De la Maza, Luis M., Marie T. Pezzlo, and Janet T. Shigei. Color Atlas of Medical Bacteriology. Washington, DC: American Society for Microbiology, 2004.



Edited by Richard A. Martinez of UC San Diego, student of Rachel Larsen.

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