Propionibacterium acnes

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Propionibacterium acnes is…

Taxonomic Classification

Higher Order Taxa:

Bacteria; Actinobacteria; Actinobacteridae; Actinomycetales; Propionibacterineae; Propionibacteriaceae; Propionibacterium

Alternative Nomenclature:

  • Corynebacterium acnes
  • Bacillus acnes
  • Corynebacterium acnes (Gilchrist 1900 and Eberson 1918)
  • Bacillus acnes (Gilchrist 1900)


Genomic Structure

Genomic size is 2.56026 Mbp and has a G-C content of 60%


Cell Structure and Metabolism



Applications to Biotechnology

Current Research


Allison, Clive et al. Dissimilatory Nitrate Reduction by Propionibacterium acnes. Applied and Environmental Microbiology. 1989. Vol. 55 (11): 2899-2903.

Brüggemann, Holger et al. The Complete Genome Sequence of Propionibacterium Acnes, a Commensal of Human Skin. Science. 2005. 305: p. 671-672.

Farrar, Mark D. et al. Genome Sequence and Analysis of a Propionibacterium acnes Bacteriophage, Journal of Bacteriology.2007. Vol. 189 (11) p. 4161–4167.

Higaki, Shuichi et al. Propionibacterium acnes Biotypes and Susceptibility to Minocycline and Keigai-rengyo-to. International Journal of Dermatology. 2004. 43: p. 103–107.

Ingham, Eileen The Immunology of Propionibacterium acnes and Acne. Current Opinion in Infectious Diseases. 1999. Vol. 12(3): p. 191-197.

Liavonchanka, Alena et al. Structure and Mechanism of the Propionibacterium acnes Polyunsaturated Fatty Acid Isomerase. PNAS. 2006. Vol. 103 (8): p. 2581.

Moore, W.E.C. et al. Validity of Propionibacterium acnes (Gilchrist) Douglas and Gunter Comb. Nov. Journal of Bacteriology. 1962. p. 870-874.

Oprica, Cristina et al. Clinical and Microbiological Comparisons of Isotretinoin vs. Tetracycline in Acne Vulgaris. Acta Derm Venereol. 2007. Vol. 87: p. 246–254.

Rosenberg, E. William Bacteriology of Acne. Annual Reviews. 1969. Vol. 20: p. 201-206.

This page was created by Christopher B. Smith under the supervision of Professors Rachel Larson and Kit Pogliano at the University of California, San Diego.